The intermediate years or the 10 +2 is a crucial time for today’s youth. Budding minds labour hard for two years only to get disillusioned when they fail to get into their favourite stream. The problem is not about getting entry into the desired career stream, but the lack of knowledge as to the availability of career choices in science stream. The advantage with science is that you have the choice to enter any science related stream as well as humanities and commerce related streams like law, and hotel management. Listed below are some streams related purely to PCM studies. You can also check all the career choices in the humanities branch.
Introduction: An actuary is a business professional whose job is to manage risks and uncertainties. The professional provides an assessment of fiscal security systems, having focus on their mechanisms, mathematics, and complexity. This science discipline has much potential for growth and provides handsome salary.
Discipline: Actuary falls into two disciplines- life and non-life. Life actuary deals with health and pension, while non-life actuary deals with property and casualty or general insurance.
Fields of work: Insurance companies, health care providers, accountancy firms, management consultancies, investment banks, actuarial consultancy, government’s actuary department, pension funds, life insurance companies, and enterprise risk management for both fiscal and non-fiscal institutions.
Demand: Actuaries are much sought after due to their relative few numbers as compared to other professionals.
Rank: The profession ranks high in terms of pay, work hours, comfort, exertion, risks, and hiring outlook. The job is particularly most suited for ladies and is known as a recession proof occupation.
Process of Becoming a Professional: Process of Becoming a Professional: You need to enrol at the Institute of Actuary and pass a series of exams. In many countries such as India the course is provided through online medium.
Eligibility: A school leaving student with a strong base in mathematics is suitable for this profession. However, graduates have a better chance in qualifying for the exams.
As an architect your job responsibility would be to plan, design, and review the construction of buildings. It is also a science related stream. A practicing architect provides services with regards to the design of the building keeping in mind all the safety concerns. To become an architect you would have to study architecture from a renowned university. You can look for specialization in several sub-fields, like Architectural Conservation, Industrial Design, Interior Design, Urban Planning, Urban Design, Sustainable Architecture, and Landscape Architecture.
Procedure of Admission: National or State Level Entrance Tests like BITSAT, IIT-JEE, GATE, UPSEE.
Eligibility: Students who have passed their 12th standard or who are appearing for their 12th standard exams.
Duration: Five Years
Fields of Work: Architects could work in construction companies, independently, and government organizations like National building Organization, Ministry of Defence, Archaeological Department, Public Works Department, National Institute of Urban Affairs, etc.
Demand: India is suffering a shortage of trained architects as many private and government projects are turning up. Hence, architecture is a lucrative field of study. There is also ample international scope of work for individuals willing to work in foreign country.
- Teacher/ Professor
To become a qualified teacher or professor you have to go for higher education in the particular discipline. Teacher can be from science stream or any other streams. The steps include
- graduation + post-graduation + Bachelors in Education (for teachers)
- graduation + post-graduation+ PHD or NET (for professors)
Students can pursue higher studies in bachelor of sciences in different fields like environmental science, extension and communication, clothing and textile, nutrition, home science, nautical science, industrial chemistry, statistics, geology, forensic science, astronomy, maths, chemistry, physics, etc.
Process of Admission: Different colleges have different criterion and cut off list for admissions. Some institutes also conduct entrance tests for admissions.
Demand: There is a high demand for both the posts of professors and school teachers.
- Masters of Business Administration
Masters of Business Administration or MBA is a lucrative career in India and abroad. MBAs bag a handsome salary in almost all fields of study. However, not every MBA graduate has good career prospects. Only the pass outs from esteemed universities are eligible for high profile jobs paying the dream salaries. MBA can be done after doing engineering, graduation, or BBA (Bachelors in Business Administration) and is not necessarily a science stream.
Eligibility: Applicant must complete a graduation degree with minimum three year duration.
Process of Admission: Entrance test
Duration: Two Years
Demand: There is a high demand for MBAs from respected B schools.
The field of aviation has many exciting career opportunities like commercial pilot and aircraft maintenance engineer. You can become a commercial pilot by undertaking BSc in aviation sciences. You can also undergo commercial pilot training from Aviation Institutes in India.
Eligibility: Students who have passed or are appearing for their 12th exams.
Top Colleges: Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Uran Academy (IGRUA), Rae Bareilly; Rajiv Gandhi Academy of Aviation Technology, Kerala; National Flying Training Institute, Gondia; Bombay Flying Club, Mumbai; Indian Institute of Aeronautics, Delhi/Patna.
Process of Admission: All admissions are merit based. However, entrance exams are conducted in some institutes.
Engineering is by far the most popular and in many cases the obvious career choices for anyone taking up PCM in Plus 2. It is a hard core science stream and most students with PCM in their twelfth look forward to working in this field. There are numerous courses in engineering like mechanical engineering, electrical enginnering, computer engineering, etc.
Procedure of Admission: Different national and state level entrance tests like BITSAT, IIT-JEE, GATE, UPSEE.
Eligibility: 12th Pass or Appearing Students
Duration: Four Years
- Industrial Designer
Their job is to create concepts for manufactured merchandises like toys, home appliances, bikes, and cars. They make use of engineering, business, and art to develop everyday products. The industrial designers take into consideration different aspects of the developing product like its usability, production cost, aesthetics, and function.
Educational Need: Bachelor’s degree in engineering, architecture, or industrial design. The industrial designer course comprise of manufacturing methods, industrial materials and processes, courses in business, three dimensional modelling, computer aided design and drafting, and drawing.
Demand: Consumer demand would sustain the job demand of industrial designer and the demand for skilled designers is high. Designers could work independently or in a business firm.
Employers: Wholesale trade, architectural, engineering, and related services, specialized design services, self-employed, and manufacturing.
- Merchant Navy:
There are different career options in merchant navy such as
- Bachelor of Technology in Naval Architecture and Ship Building
- Bachelor of Science in Nautical Technology (3 years training at Institute + 1 year at Sea)
- Higher National Diploma (HND) Nautical Science or Marine Engineering (1 year course)
Procedure of Admission: The All India Merchant Navy Entrance Test (AIMNET). Students also need to clear their high standard health test and eyesight test.
Top Colleges: Indian Maritime University (Multiple Locations); International Maritime Institute, Delhi NCR; Coimbatore Marine College, Coimbatore; International Maritime Academy, Chennai; Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT), Cochin; Vels University, Chennai
Eligibility: Students who have passed or are appearing for their 12th exams.
- National Defence Services- Indian Air Force, Indian Navy Officer:
There is just a full-time, residential undergraduate program offered under NDA. Cadets are awarded a Baccalaureate degree (a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science or a Bachelor of Technology) after they complete a three years study period. Aspirants can choose either of two streams- the Science stream having Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Computer Science, and the Humanities (Liberal Arts) stream having History, Economics, Political Science, Geography and Language.
Eligibility: Students who have passed or are appearing for their 12th exams. The aspirants must be unmarried Indian citizens.
Process of Admission: National Level NDA Exam
- Railway Apprentice Exam:
Railway Apprentice Exam gives special opportunity to students to work as railway officers. The candidates undergo four years training period in the fields of mechanical and electrical engineering and are also groomed for leadership positions in the Indian Railways as Class 1 officers. It is an exclusive science discipline.
Eligibility: Students who have passed their 12th in PCM with a minimum percentage of 60%.
Process of Admission: All India Special Railway Apprentice Examination by UPSC.
PCM students can also go in other streams after their Twelfth like
- Hotel Management
- Fashion Technology
- Travel & Tourism
- Bachelor of Law
- Environmental Science
- Designing Courses
- Television/ Film Courses